- In brief, phytotherapy is a science that deals with the treatment with plants. Phytotherapy is a term derived from the Ancient Greek words “phyton” (plant) and “therapion” (therapy).
- Phytotherapy is a supportive medical method that is not an alternative to the modern medicine but is a complementary or health-protecting method and that should definitely be based on the scientific research and should be applied in the cooperation with physician and pharmacist.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that the application rate for this treatment in developed countries such as America, Canada, Europe and Australia is 50%.
- It should not be forgotten and underestimated that like ever drug, herbal drugs and drugs have a curative effect at certain doses, at wrong doses, they may cause a toxic effect. Like the deceased pharmacology professor, M. Oğuz Güç, MD said, “In fact, every drug is a poison and every poison is a drug”, what is important is the amount of dosage and duration of administration.
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO) research on pharmacopoeias and medical plants of 91 countries, the total amount of plants used for treatment is 20.000. In Turkey, this amount is at least around 500.
- Almost every European country has a phytotherapy association. Then, these associations have established an association, called ESCOP. In Germany, 80% of physicians regularly prescribe herbal medicines. Almost 50% of herbal medicines are in the category of prescription drugs in Germany.
- There are two main systems in herbal treatments;
1. Allopathy: The name given to the conventional medicine. It is based on the principle of creating opposite symptoms to treat diseases.
2.Homeopathy: It is based on creating similar symptoms to treat diseases. It is based on the principle that the disease-causing substance at low and infrequent doses treats the disease, it is prepared specifically to the individual.
TYPES OF HERBAL DRUGS
2-Galenic Preparations: Extract, elixir, pomade, tincture, alcohol, hydrola
3- Patent medicines: Cream, oil, gargle, lotion, syrup, solution, drop, injection, compress, plaster, plant extract, shampoo, powder, mash, perfume, enema, bath, bandage, milk, incense